Great Barrier Reef

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Sightseeing in Great Barrier Reef

Australia's Great Barrier Reef is truly a natural wonder, a rare phenomenon and the largest structure built completely by and of living organisms. The Reef spans 2000 km from the tip of Cape York to Gladstone in the south and is actually composed of a number of individual reefs and tiny islands. Some of these islands are deserted while others are small sand cays, some with permanent vegetation, others just bare sand and rock and the rest are continental islands.

It is a nature lovers and a scuba divers paradise with 2900 separate reefs, 71 coral islands, 10,000 species of sponge, 350 different species of coral, 4000 species of molluscs, 350 species of echinoderms and over 1500 species of fish. The Reef is a dedicated breeding area for some rare and endangered species like the Humpback whales, sea turtles and dugongs or sea cows. The whales travel all the way up from the Antarctic to give birth to their young in the waters of the reef. Six of the world's seven species of sea turtle breed on the Reef while the endangered and reclusive dugongs live in the sheltered areas of the seagrass beds.

Average water temperatures on the reef range from around 22°C in July to around 27°C in January, making it perfect for diving all year round. Visitors to the Reef enter a fathomless underwater world inhabited by thousands of brilliantly coloured marine species.

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