Kronborg Castle

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Kronborg Castle

History

Kronborg Castle in Elsinore, is located in Elsinore or Helsingør, north of Copenhagen and is said to be one of the biggest tourist attractions in Denmark with about 200.000 visitors every year. It is Europe’s most important Renaissance castles! Remember the well known play Hamlet by William Shakespeare? Kronborg Castle is also known for the setting for Shakespeare’s play Hamlet. The castle is surrounded by the sea on one side and mounds and defensive walls on the other side and is built in the North European Renaissance style. Although the first fortifications of the castle were built in the 15th century but the construction of the castle was completed in 1585 and it came into being in the second half of the 16th century. To the Danes, the Kronborg Castle is of great historical significance. Kronborg is adorned with beautiful sculptures and all the rooms are decorated with Danish design furniture. The architecture of this colossal military fortress is extremely imposing and no wonder it is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The elegant royal castle was named after King Frederik II in the year 1577, but it is believed that in the1420s, Erik of Pomerania built the huge fortified castle and named it "Krogen" which means ‘The Hook’. The castle was renovated in the 18th century it was transformed into army barricades, but when the army left in the 20th century, it was again restored to a palace as it had been in the days of Fredrick II Christian IV. The living rooms and dining rooms are filled with wonderful paintings and murals. There is a chapel and a huge ballroom in the castle along with interconnected meeting rooms beneath the castle's ball room. All the meeting rooms are spacious and can accommodate 220 guests. In the past, Kronborg has witnessed many mishaps. On the 25 September 1629 the castle was ravaged by fire where only the chapel survived. Then again in September 1658 Kronborg was captured by the Swedes, who took many valuable art treasures including a fantastic ornamental fountain from Frederik II's time. However Christian IV rebuilt the castle in the unique Baroque style and once again the castle was restored as an elegant Renaissance castle. Despite of facing several attacks and demolitions, Kronborg still stands strongly as a Renaissance castle and military fortress.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Copenhagen is between mid-April and November, when the weather’s good. May, June and late August or early September are definitely better, as the place has warmed up by then. July and August are the peak tourist season.

Trivia

Look out for some old collections of Renaissance and Baroque interiors which are present in the historical rooms of the castle. The most amazing attraction in the castle is the 62-metre long ballroom, the wonderfully preserved chapel and the statue of "Holger the Dane".

Timing

The castle remains opened from 10:30 A.M till 5:00 P.M. The castle remains closed on all public holidays especially on the 24th and 25th of December. The museum shop opens half an hour before and closes half an hour after the castle. The Danish Maritime Museum has the same opening hours as the castle. The castle courtyard closes at 5:30 during the summers and at sunset during the winters. If you wish to explore the castle then the other fortified areas are always open.


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