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Ecuador Geographical Information

To the north of Ecuador lies Columbia and to the south is Peru. It’s a small country, yet it has a varied geography. The Andean mountains seem to split the land into the western coastal low lands and the eastern Amazonian jungles. The coastal lowland is really a flat plain that runs along Ecuador’s Pacific Coast. The plain is wet and swampy in the north but in the south near Peru, it is a desert. Tropical forests cover most of the middle section.

The Andes highlands make up a forth of the country and have some peaks that are volcanoes—Chimborazo is one such volcano and is also the highest peak in Ecuador.

An unbelievable number (20,000) plant species can be found in Ecuador. There is an immense wealth of wildlife, ecosystems and habitats – 1500 species of birds have been found and 300 species of mammals, and new species are often added to the list. Numerous species of monkeys have made the Amazon their home and the rare Andean spectacled bear lives in the highlands. There are over 100 species of bats in the country. This is truly an environmentalist’s dream country.

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