Chandigarh

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History of Chandigarh

After the partition of India in 1947, tens of thousands of migrants from West Punjab settled in the eastern towns within India. Lahore, the capital of undivided Punjab, went to Pakistan. The Indian side was left without a capital city. These two factors led the selection of a site in the foothills of the Shivalik range in 1948 for building a new capital city. Deriving its name from an existing village, Chandi (the powerful Goddess) – Garh (fortress) was symbolic of the new energy that powered a rebuilding mission in post-Independence India.


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