Bengaluru (bangalore)

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History of Bengaluru (bangalore)

Legend has it that the 11th-century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Hungry and tired, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru" (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which eventually evolved into Bengaluru. Historically, though there are references to Bengaluru predating 900 CE, present-day Bengaluru is believed to have been established in 1537 by Kempegowda I, who established it as a province of the Vijayanagar kingdom. He fortified his city with a fortress but chose the unhappy medium of mud. Tipu promptly rectified this when two centuries later the city became his summer capital. During the reign of Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan, Bengaluru gained importance as a fortress city. After the defeat of Tipu Sultan, the British took over Bengaluru and shifted the headquarters of regional administration here from Tipu’s capital Srirangapatnam in 1831.

Karnataka joined the Republic of India in 1956 with the accession of the princely state of Mysore and adjoining areas. Balmy Bengaluru became the capital city. Bengaluru’s urban growth was spurred by the government’s decision in the 1960s to situate defence and scientific research centres here.

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