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History of Ajanta

The well renowned Ajanta caves are situated almost 100 kms away from Aurangabad in the state of Maharashtra. The history of Ajanta city dates back to the 2nd century BC. Ajanta caves – a World Heritage site – were carved out in the period ranging from the 2nd century BC to 6th century AD.

Group of caves were carved out during the 5th and 6th centuries AD, during the Gupta and post-Gupta reign. The Indian art reached its zenith during the Gupta dynasty.

There are 30 caves carved out of large rocks that have been divided into “Chaitya-Grihas" (stupa halls) and "Viharas" (dwelling halls). These caves are well-renowned for the carvings and the paintings depicting life and teachings of Lord Buddha. The carvings and murals in the caves depict people, animals, and plants. The caves were discovered in the 19th century by British soldiers.

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