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History of Madurai

The history of Madurai city dates back to the era of Megasthenes, who visited this place in the third century and made Madurai an important trading centre. Till the 10th century AD, the city flourished under the rule of the Pandyas.

Madurai was later on captured by the Cholas in the year 920 AD, after they defeated the Pandyas. The Cholas ruled over Madurai for three centuries but in the year 1223 AD, the Pandiyas recaptured this place for a very short period. In 1311, Madurai was under the rule of the Khiljis, who defeated the poorly equipped Pandyas. Later, the Khiljis were overthrown by the Tughlaqs in 1323. Madurai was under the Delhi Sultanate for 50 years.

In 1371, Madurai became an integral part of the Vijayanagar Dynasty of Hampi. The kings of the dynasty appointed Nayaks to rule different regions of the kingdom. With the death of Krishna Deva Rao in 1530, the Nayaks declared themselves kings of the territories under them.

Thirumalai Nayak ruled Madurai from 1623 to 1659. Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Pudu Mandapam and Raja Gopuram of the Meenakshi Temple were built by Thirumalai Nayak during his reign.

Today Madurai is a renowned temple town in Tamil Nadu that invites lots of visitors and devotees every year.


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