Basilica Of Santa Croce, Florence

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Italy >> Florence >> Attractions >> Basilica Of Santa Croce, Florence

Basilica Of Santa Croce, Florence

History

The Basilica of Santa Croce, situated in the city of Florence in Italy, was constructed in the year 1295. The Basilica is dedicated to Arnolfo di Cambio, and the site where it rests today served as the first setup of Franciscan friars who arrived in Florence in 1210, setting up an oratory here.

Planned originally to be an open roofed Egyptian Cross, the BasilicaSanta Croce has a amply lit nave, with sturdy piers that lend support to the arches. The entire basilica is characterised by Florentine Gothic style of Architecture, with stained glass windows dotting the walls below the vault. Several prominent Florentine families such as the Bardi, the Peruzzi, the Alberti, the Baroncelli and the Rinuccini, adopted Santa Croce’s patronage, upon which they were conferred the honour of decorating them. Some of this has survived till the present day, such as the ones made by the Giotto, credited also with painting the the chapels of the banking families Bardi and Peruzzi, where he depicted scenes from the lives of of St Francis, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist.

The decorations continued well into the 14th century, with the frescoes of this era dedicated to Agnolo Gaddi, who painted the Chapel of high altar, which explains the story of the True Cross.

The Sacristy, including the Rinuccini Chapel can be accessed from the South Trasept. A trip there takes the visitor back in time to the 14th century, thanks to the places relatively0 well-preserved frescoes and original 14th-century furnishings.

The next century witnessed the addition of a few important additions to the area, beginning with the year 1429, when Andrea de’ Pazzi began the construction of what is now known as the Pazzi Chapel, the design of which was done by Filippo Brunelleschi. Widely believed to be one of the most peaceful buildings of the area, its decoration comprises of colored terracotta roundels that were designed by Luca della Robbia and his followers.

Best time to visit

Florence is at its finest in the spring (March to May) and fall (September to mid-November).

Trivia

Michelangelo, who died in Rome in 1564, was buried here.

Timing

From 9:30 am to 5:00 pm Mon-Sat

From 1:00 pm to 5:00 pm on Sundays and holidays


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