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How to Get to Tanzania

How to get to Tanzania by Air

Tanzania has three international airports at Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar and Kilimanjaro. The national airline Air Tanzania (TC) connects the country to destinations in Asia, Africa and Europe.

The Dar es Salaam International (DAR) is 15km from the city centre and shuttle bus services and taxis are available for the 20/25 minute ride to the city. Other facilities available at the Dar es Salaam airport include duty-free shop, car rental agencies, post office, 24-hour banking and currency exchange facilities, bar and restaurant. Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) and Zanzibar Airport (ZNZ) are a short distance from the main town and shuttle bus services and taxis are available between Kilimanjaro and Arusha. Airport facilities include shops, post office, bar and restaurant. A Departure Tax of US$20 has to be paid in cash before international departures from Zanzibar but not from Dar es Salaam.

How to get to Tanzania by Rail

Two train services, the Tazara and the TRC or Tanzanian Railways Corporation connect the neighbouring countries of Kenya, Zambia, Burundi and Rwanda to Tanzanian destinations. Tanzania - Zambia Railway Authority (Tazara) runs a biweekly train between Dar es Salaam and Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia; the train is comfortable and has a restaurant car but involves transshipment at the border. Connections are also available on the Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) trains to Kenya.

Steamers and ferry connections are available from the railheads at Kigoma and Mwanza for the remainder of the journey to Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda. Trains tend to be crowded but the train officials usually accommodate tourists. Belongings must be safeguarded, as theft is commonplace on board these crowded trains.

How to get to Tanzania by Road

Good tarmac roads from Kenya and Zambia connect those countries to Tanzania but the roads from Mozambique, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda are poorly maintained and perennially unsafe due to endemic violence between security forces and rebel factions active in the region. Buses, minibuses, hired vehicles are available at all the border crossings. Frequent services operate from Nairobi (Kenya) to Dar es Salaam, Arusha and Moshi. Tickets are available with the bus crew, and bookings are not usually necessary.

How to get to Tanzania by Sea

Ocean freighters, passenger liners, ferries and steamers connect the port city of Dar es Salaam and the island of Zanzibar to other destinations in and around the region. The MS Sepideh runs services between Tanzania and Mombasa (Kenya), but is temporarily suspended; MV Liemba is a lake steamer that runs a regular ferry service on Lake Tanganyika, connecting Bujumbura (Burundi), Kigoma (Tanzania) and Mpulungu (Zambia). The steamer connections link to train services at the railheads at Kigoma and Mwanza for the remainder of the journey to Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda.

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