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History of Washington Dc

Washington DC is a city founded on compromise -- soon after independence, the swampy grounds midway between the rural South and the urban North of the country was chosen to be the national capital. In 1791, French engineer Pierre L’Enfant began laying out the city named after the first President George Washington, but for several years, except for the government buildings, not much of building activity took place. In 1812, the British who came up the Potomac River burned down the city. After the Civil War, there was a major exodus of blacks from the South, seeking a peaceful haven. Segregation was banned initially but in 1920, it was re-introduced, disallowing blacks to enter government buildings and denying them jobs they desperately needed. Post World War II, the city prospered but uneasily -- civil rights was a major issue and there were frequent riots, especially in the 1960s. The late twentieth century has seen the city's importance shoot up given America's Superpower status!

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